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Pediatric Ophthalmology

What is Strabismus?

Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward. You may always notice the misalignments or it may come and go. The turned eye may straighten at times and the straight eye may turn. Strabismus is a common condition among children. About 4% of all children in the United States have strabismus. It can also occur later in life.


Good vision develops during childhood when both eyes have normal alignment. Strabismus may cause reduced vision, or amblyopia, in the weaker eye.

How Is Strabismus Diagnosed?

Strabismus can be diagnosed during an eye exam. It is recommended that all children have their vision checked by their pediatrician, family doctor, or eye doctor at or before their fourth birthday.

What Are the Goals of Strabismus Treatment?

Treatment for strabismus works to:

  • Preserve vision
  • Straighten the eyes
  • Restore binocular (two-eyed) vision

After a complete eye examination, an ophthalmologist, such as Dr. Freedman, can recommend the appropriate treatment.